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Cystitis Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

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Cystitis is a type of bladder inflammation, usually caused by a urinary tract infection (UTI), and is particularly common in women.

Although it can cause pain and discomfort, most cases tend to clear up of their own accord. However, if you’re experiencing regular attacks of cystitis - you should speak to a doctor about getting treatment for the condition.

In more serious cases, cystitis can lead to kidney infections, so if your symptoms don’t get better after a few days, you should speak to a GP as soon as possible.

Our doctors will be able to talk through your symptoms, diagnose the severity of your cystitis and if necessary, prescribe medication to clear up the infection. See a Doctor About Cystitis
pressure pains

Symptoms of Cystitis

Cystitis symptoms often include:
  • Pressure or pain in the lower abdomen
  • The strong urge to urinate constantly
  • Strong-smelling urine
  • Passing urine that is cloudy
  • The sensation of burning when urinating
  • Blood in the urine


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What Causes Cystitis?

As with many types of UTIs, cystitis occurs when bacteria gets into the urethra (the tube that transports urine from your bladder).

Bacteria can infect the urethra in a variety of ways, from having sex to using tampons and even through wiping your bottom. Certain chemicals in cleaning products like soap and perfume can also cause irritation, leading to the development of cystitis.

Women who are pregnant, suffer from diabetes or have been through the menopause are particularly at risk of developing cystitis. See a Doctor About Cystitis
Woman suffering from cystitis
Treatment of Cystitis symptoms in a woman

Treating Cystitis

If your cystitis hasn’t cleared up of it’s own accord, you should see a GP. The usual treatment involves a course of antibiotics, which should start to work within a day or two.

However, if you’re getting repeated episodes of cystitis, you may be prescribed a longer course of antibiotics, which you’ll take for a few months.

There’s a number of ways to prevent cystitis from re-occurring, including using plain, unperfumed cleaning products, making sure you go to the toilet frequently and drinking plenty of water.

If you’re having repeated bouts of cystitis, or your symptoms aren’t getting any better after a week, don’t delay - speak to a GP today.

Our doctors can talk through your symptoms, diagnose the likely cause of your cystitis and if needed, prescribe the necessary medication to clear up the infection.

Talk to a Doctor About Cystitis