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Knee Pain Diagnosis, Causes & Treatment

Skip to: Common causes - Treatment

The knee joint is especially prone to injury and sprains due to the important role it plays enabling you to move around, run and jump.

Older people, those who play lots of sports and overweight people are at particular risk of developing a knee injury.

If you’ve injured your knee, our doctors can help determine whether it’s a simple sprain or a fracture and provide advice on caring for your knee while it gets better, as well as avoiding future injuries.

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Knee pain in a woman
Strain of the knee

Knee Pain: Common Causes

Strains and sprains: By far the most common cause of knee pain is over-use, which causes strains and sprains.

These happen when you suddenly do more activity than usual or pull your leg in an awkward way. Although strains or sprains can be very painful - they don’t tend to cause permanent damage.

Pain around the kneecap (‘anterior pain’): As well as stretching the tissues in the knee, sports injuries and overuse can also cause issues to occur around the kneecap.

This can cause a dull ache in one or both knees, which can often be made worse by sitting down for a long time, kneeling or squatting, or climbing stairs.

Bursitis: Caused by kneeling down for long lengths of time or engaging the leg in repetitive movements, bursitis tends to affect people with manual jobs or those who play a lot of sports.

It can cause swelling in the knee, which can become worse when walking or bending the affected knee.

Gout: Gout is a type of arthritis that can affect any joint in the body and is caused by a build-up of uric acid, which forms crystals and causes swelling and inflammation.

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Pain in the knee could be Gout


Treating Knee Pain

Knee pain can usually be treated with rest and over-the-counter painkillers, however, in more serious cases you should seek medical help.

If you can’t bear to put any weight on your knee, are experiencing severe pain or are experiencing fever, as well as swelling - you should speak to a GP as soon as possible.

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How Can our Doctors Help?

Our doctors will be able to determine how severe your knee problem is, provide advice on treatment and if needed, offer prescription medication to help you manage the pain during recovery.

In cases where the cause isn’t clear - our GPs may refer you on for testing, like an X-ray, blood tests or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan.

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joint pain causes

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